China's packaging industry consists of two large blocks. The first is the packaging industry based on packaging and auxiliary materials and packaging machinery and equipment; the second is the packaging consisting of paper, plastics, metal, and glass. Product industry. At present, the second piece of packaging products has passed the efforts of nearly 20 years and has completed a quantum leap, which has made China's ranks among the largest packers in the world. However, the first basic industry is weak and does not match the second, resulting in packaging in China. The industrial structure of the industry is irrational. At present, high-grade packaging raw materials such as PVC, PET, PR, PP, PS and other resin raw materials, high-grade wood pulp and paperboard, corrugated paper and aluminum foil all rely on imports; the overall level of packaging machinery is lower than that of developed countries20 In recent years, 60%-70% of the current domestic demand, especially high-tech equipment such as complete sets of corrugated board production equipment, plastic packaging production lines, lightweight glass production lines, and packaging and printing equipment, are all dependent on imports; The current overall production status of machinery is simple structure, low technical content products, high-tech products with high output value and high productivity; general machinery, special requirements, special materials processing less packaging machinery; single machine, complete set of lines The complete supporting nature is worse; heavy production and processing, light research and development, and innovative products independently developed are rare. Therefore, China's packaging basic industry has little support for the product industry. This is also an important reason for China's current "big packaging country," but it is still not considered a "packaged country." In accordance with the concept of scientific development, we must develop â€œall-round and coordinatedâ€. To establish an independent and complete packaging industry system in China, the internal industrial structure of the packaging industry in China must be adjusted and balanced, and the basic packaging industry must be intensified.
With the growth of Chinaâ€™s economy and the growth of foreign trade exports, it is expected that by 2010, the demand for the packaging market will reach at least 5,000 to 600 billion yuan. In the 21st century, China will be the largest packaging market in the international economy. Demand for raw materials and packaging machinery will also increase significantly. According to experts' forecasts, the annual growth rate of global packaging machinery demand is about 5.3%, and it will reach 29 billion U.S. dollars in 2005 and increase to 40 billion U.S. dollars in 2010, of which China and India will occupy the largest share. Therefore, both the domestic and international markets are The demand for packaging machinery is enormous. Such a large demand will also stimulate and stimulate the rapid development of China's packaging industry.
3 New Countermeasures
3.1 Accelerate enterprise restructuring, expand scale, and increase industrial concentration
The majority of packaging enterprises in China are developed from small street factories and small collective enterprises. There are many quantities, scattered investment, backward equipment, and scale development is very slow. After more than 20 years of development, there have been a number of large-scale and technologically advanced packaging groups, but the number is small; on the whole, the degree of industrial concentration is still very low, and the unit production cost is too high. Currently, more than 1/2 of the companies have not passed With the technological transformation of the system, one-third of state-owned enterprises are at a loss. Taking packaging machinery companies as an example, there are more than 6,000 enterprises in total, of which more than 2,000 are not stable enough, only a dozen companies with output value and sales value exceeding 100 million yuan, and 50 companies with annual sales of more than 30 million yuan. The total sales amount is only 8 billion yuan, and the production concentration is only 20.66%. In order to implement the development model of circular economy and the need for more fierce market competition in the future, packaging companies need to increase their investment in technological transformation. In this regard, sub-type small businesses are powerless, such as the expert's argument for paper mills to control the scale of pollution, that the small-scale production capacity of 17,000 tons of alkali pulp mill is unable to support the establishment of recycling management system. Therefore, China's packaging companies must speed up restructuring, integrate multiple funds, expand production scale, increase production concentration, and carry out the necessary technological transformation for recycling production and clean production to meet the needs of the national macro-control of the scientific development concept and increase market competitiveness. It should be the top priority of the Chinese packaging industry.
3.2 Accelerate the implementation of the "Cleaner Production Promotion Law"
Since January 1, 2003, the National People's Congress has promulgated and implemented the "Cleaner Production Promotion Law." It will conduct audits of cleaner production for enterprises that produce toxic or hazardous products or pollute the environment. Those who fail will be punished according to law. Cleaner production consists of the use of clean energy, clean production processes, and the production of clean products (products that receive environmental labels). The key is to establish a clean production process, which is a closed loop of production from the input of raw materials into the recycling of wastes. It is required that materials that are lost during the production process, such as heating volatilization or sedimentation or running in the pipelines of equipment, must be removed. Recovery, return to the process or after appropriate treatment as a raw material and reuse, or waste treatment as a raw material for other production processes or as a by-product recovery. Obviously, cleaner production is the way to realize the circular economy model. We must use the â€œCleaner Production Promotion Lawâ€ as a basis. Canada and Shaanxi should be implemented in packaging companies, and it can be implemented jointly with IS014000 to promote the rapid development of packaging recycling economy. .
(to be continued)
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